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精挑细选:新托福考前必背词汇題

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发表于 2018-10-24 12:28:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    内容简介:我们初学iBT阅读时,可能更关注一些陌生的新题型,随着我们逐渐对方法和技ETS总是喜欢重复考点,对于单词题就更是如此。因此我不辞劳苦地搜集了许多



我們初学iBT閱读时, 可能更关注一些陌生的新題型, 随著我们逐渐对方法和技巧的掌握, 整体正确率不断提高时,有一种题型日益彰显出狰狞的面目,那jiu(就)是VOCABULARY QUESTION。很多同学觉得,这单词题成了iBT阅读的最后障碍。对于这个问题,一则要扩大我们的单词量,再则要加强在上下文中理解单词的意思,这shi(是)两个基本点。还有一个有效De(的)途径,就是熟悉托福机經。

  ETS总是喜欢重復考点,对于单词题就更是如此。因此我不辞劳ku(苦)地搜集了许多单词题的鸡精,铺列于下。左側为文中單词,右侧为正确选项。一定要熟记于心,因为在考场上很有可能碰到原题

  经常扫視,经常瞧瞧,培养感情,尤其考托前两三天一定再瞄几眼,考场上妙不可言

  enroll to one = combine

  complement = supplement = add to

  substitute = replace

  so far = until present = up to now

  rooted in = based on

  make their way = travel

  vulnerable--open to break-open to attack -- weak --susceptible

  perishable 容易腐烂的= easy to spoil

  Seething 沸腾的 --- overflowing/excited/active

  float = stay on the top

  be consistent with = be compatible with

  property 财产,特征 = characteristic = attribute (名词意为"特征,属性")

  simulated ---- artificial

  sort --- type -- kind

  staggering摇晃的; 犹豫的; 压倒的(多数) =overwhelming

  string线, 绳子; 一行, 一系列 =series

  swell -- enlargement --- expand

  tract- area - terrain

  symmetric 对称的,均衡的 --- balance

  taper 逐渐变小 --- diminish --- 收缩

  tenet --- principle/belief

  turn = change

  vast - immense - extensive

  with the ordinary citizen's pocketbook = affordable

  advent = arrival

  affair = matter

  chronic --- constant - confirmed 慢性的;证实的

  consequence = result/importance

  counter = oppose

  countervail 补偿,抵消; 对抗 = compensate/oppose

  distinction = differentiation/excellence/honor

  distribution = dispersion = dispersal

  embed = implant

  euphoric = extremely happy

  flake = fragment

  hinder 阻碍,打扰= interfere with

  ladings 船货= cargos shipment

  mandatory = required, obligatory

  mundane 世俗De(的),平凡的= ordinary

  prerequisite = something required (something needed to happen)

  rather = instead 相反地/ in some degree在tain

  sank (sink的过去式)= descended, dropped to the bottom

  scant = minimum

  sited = located

  sophisticated = refined /elaborated /complex

  ubiquitous 到处存在的 = common

  unanimity = total agreement

  spectator = viewer

  sporadic = intermittent /irregular

  stylus 铁笔,针状物 = pen

  unconceivable = unimaginable

  uniformly = evenly/ without variation/consistently

  unique = sole/ distinct

  warranted = authorized 授权的/justified

  assume=take on 呈现/ suppose, posit 假设

  foster=promote ,encourage

  Plumage羽毛=feather

  Composition作文,成分,混合物=mixture

  relatively=comparatively

  substitute=replacement

  premise= assumption

  within= inside

  have nothing to do = in no relation to

  vigorous= strong

  scope=extent

  extraordinary非凡De(的),特别的= exceptional 异常的,例外的

  uneasy心神不安的,不稳定的=unstable

  bulk大小,体积,大多数=major

  speed 加速 = increase the rate of

  spread=distribute 散布,分布

  endeavor 努力= enterprise 进取心,干事业

  proximity 接近= nearness

  rotate=turn 轉动,旋转

  assertion主张,断言 = strongly statement

  evidence = proof

  preeminent卓越的 =foremost 最重要的

  barrier障碍物=obstacle

  primitive = early

  sort = type

  rudiment=basic

  intact未被碰过的=unaffected
 prize珍视 = value

  lucrative 有利可图的= profitable

  ineffectively=with out any result

  misleading =inaccuracy

  architecture =structure 结构,建筑物

  accomplished完成的,熟练的=skilled,

  embedded内含的,嵌入的=enclosed bei(被)附上的

  collaboration协作=joint effects

  identical=the same

  allow=enable

  dispersal 分散,散布= distribution

  hampering妨碍,牵制 = restricting

  cherished珍爱的=valuable

  precision = accuracy

  broadly = extensively

  yearly = annual

  tracking = following

  tolerant = endure

  rather than = instead of

  transformation = conversion

  sample=example

  crawl爬行=move

  hobby业余爱好 = pastime 消遣,娱乐

  inherent in = characteristic of

  recharge再充电=refill再装满

  devise设计,发明=create

  attest to证明--confirm,

  replicas复制品--copies,

  extant 现存的=not extinct

  be closer resemblance to=. be more like

  indicate =demonstrate

  thrive=flourish

  fluctuating=changing

  mirror反映=reflect

  procure获得=obtain

  paradoxically=seemingly contradictory

  counsel劝告,忠告=advice。

  mock嘲弄,模仿 = pretend

  spectacular引人入胜的 = impressive 印xiang(象)深刻的

  mimic模仿,仿制品=copy

  routinely = commonly

  actually = in fact = virtually

  revolutionize = dramatic change

  initially = originally

  source = origin

  diversity多樣性=variety

  depict=portray

  disassemble分解=break

  archive档案 = record

  attribute 属性,特征= characteristic

  avid渴望的,热心的 = enthusiastic

  basic = fundamental

  collision = hit each other

  copious 丰富的= plentiful

  delight = pleasure

  disintegrate分解 = tear apart

  diverse = distinct

  dual = double

  eager = enthusiastic

  endeavor = enterprise

  erect矗立,建立 = build

  expediency便利 = advantage

  fashioned out of = made from

  immigration = movement

  infrastructure 基础设施= foundation

  locale 场所= place

  mean平均值;卑贱的;吝啬的 = average

  myriad = innumerable == innumerous

  peak = maximum

  rate估价,鉴定等级= classify分类,分等

  Save for 除。。。之外= Except for

  seize抓住 = take

  tie = relation

  volume = quantity

  wholly = completely

  Within the ordinary citizen's pocket book = affordable

  ally with 与。。。结盟--link to

  aware of=familiar with

  bulk=great quantity =majority

  ferry摆渡,渡运==transport

  hint暗示,提示 = indication

  implausible=unbelievable

  launch---start

  of legitimacy=lawful

  of likelihood = probable

  minute=tiny

  misconception=wrong idea

  offset抵消,弥补=balance

  omit遗漏= exclude
onset=beginning

  patchy杂凑的;斑駁的,补丁的=irregular 参差不齐的,不规则的

  peak=in the middle of the largest strengthen

  permanent=lasting

  pore=space

  precede=come before

  preserve保护,保存=protect

  prosper=succeed

  proximity = closeness = nearness

  range=vary

  right (to some place)一直向。。。地方 = all the way

  account叙述,故事=description

  arid=dry

  allied with = linked to

  access=reach

  astute狡猾且机敏的=clever

  avenue林荫道,方法 =method = vehicle 手段, 车辆 = approach 方法;接近

  appearance=rise出現,上升

  appreciable 可察觉到的=noticeable

  assert= strong statement

  accessible=easy to reach

  augment=increase

  absorb=take in

  attribute(verb) =credit

  (attribute ... to ... = credit ... to/with ... 把。。。归结于/归功于。。。)

  attribute(noun. 特征, 属性)=character

  aware of = familiar with

  agile=astute=clever = quick and active

  arise 發生, 出现 = emerge

  being生命,存在=creatures

  (大家很多人看过米兰。昆德拉的《生命中不能cheng(承)受之轻》吧? 其英文名为 The Unbearable Lightness of Being)

  beforehand=foreordain 预先, 注定

  bulk大批,大多数=major part

  blossom=flourish

  barge驳船=boat

  broad appeal= popular

  cardinal=fundamental

  channel 引导= direct/ guide

  collide=hit each other

  contrive 发明, 设计; 图谋= create

  convinced=strong belief

  conviction = strong belief

  costly=expensive

  conserve=save

  chronically慢性地, 长期地=constant

  crest鸟冠,顶部=peak

  compel=push

  configuration=arrangement

  camouflage=disguise 伪装

  consider=think about

  constraint = limit

  comprise 包含; 构成,組成 = form

  completely=totally

  consequent=resulting

  convert to =change to

  curb控制=control

  collaborate=cooperate

  degree=extent

  depletion = drain 排干,流尽,耗尽

  deluxe豪华的=lavish

  duplicate=copy

  delight = pleased

  delicate=dainty

  distribution分配,分发; 分布 =geographic range

  extend=reach

  excavation=dug-out 挖掘

  enlist征募,谋求=obtain

  exercise 练习, 运用 = use

  evidence=proof

  eventually=ultimately

  expendhua(花)费=use

  enormous=great

  exaggerate=overstate

  enthusiastic = eager 热切的, 渴望的

  follow=track跟踪

  fertile 肥沃的;有繁殖力的= reproductive

  fashionable=popular

  feast:=eating

  flourish = prosper

  flexible=adaptable

  funds=money

  fragmentize裂成碎片 = break up

  govern统治,管理,支配=regulate 管制,控制,调节

  imposing令人难忘的=impressed

  intense=strong

  inhospitable 不好客的;不适宜生命/生长的 = unfavorable 不宜的,不顺利的

  in fact =actually

  immoral不道德的=improper

  implausible = unbelievable

  irreparable不能挽回的=permanent 永久性的
(irreparable damage == permanent damage)

  implement 工具 = tool 工具

  inevitable = unavoidable

  lucrative=profitable

  largely=mostly

  myriad无数的=numerous

  manifest=reveal 展示

  mandatory= required

  mock嘲笑;模仿 = pretend 假装

  nocturnal == nighttime

  nearly=almost

  occasion场合,事件=event

  old male=aged male

  on the contrary=on the other hand

  pigmentation染色=color

  perilous=dangerous=risk

  permit=allow

  preordain预先注定命運的= foreordain

  preordain=appoint指定,约定

  propertycai(财)產,特征=characteristic

  primarily=mainly

  proponent=supporter

  preserve=retain保持,保留

  propel驱使,推进=push推动

  rigidly坚硬地,严格地= strictly

  roam 徘徊,漫游= wander

  rigorous严厉的,严峻的,严酷的 = harsh 粗糙的, 严酷的

  readily=easily

  rendering表现,表演=presentation

  relative=comparative

  relatively=comparatively

  realm=area

  reinforce = strengthen

  surplus=extra

  significant=considerable=important

  slight=small

  surmise = guess

  scope=extent

  stealthily悄悄地,暗地里= silently

  suited=appropriate

  staunch坚定的= strong

  sustenance生计,生活=living

  spectatorguan(观)众=human viewer

  sophisticated= refined

  segment = portion

  take place = occur

  threatening=endangering

  technique = method

  testify證明=give evidence

  toxic=poisonous

  unadorned = not decorative

  uniform一致的,xiang(相)同的=without variation

  undertake=attempt

  vagary反复无常=uncertainties

  virtually=almost

  vigor=energy

  with respect of= in terms of

  warranted 有正当理由的, 有保zheng(证)的 = justified

  aggravate 加重,恶化= increase (e.g. aggravate his pain = increase his pain)

  approach=move toward。

  assertion = strongly statement

  central中心的,重要的=essential。

  collect=gather

  collide=hit each other

  counter = oppose

  dependable = reliable

  deposit=laid down 存储,贮藏,fang(放)弃,放下

  design=create

  dim = decrease

  domestic=home

  exaggerate==overstate

  extol = praise

  focal point焦点=centre area

  solitary = alone

  foster = encourage

  however=yet

  ignite点燃=set on fire

  immoral == improper

  inert = motionless

  indispensable必不可少的=significant

  largely=mostly

  mean 平均,卑贱的= average

  on the contrary=whereas

  paradoxical 似非而是的,似乎矛盾但其实有道理的=seemingly contradictory

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